Customer Lifetime Value, commonly abbreviated as CLV, is a metric that represents the total net profit a company expects to earn from a customer over the entirety of their business relationship. It is an important concept in marketing and business strategy as it helps companies understand the long-term value of maintaining customer relationships and guides them in determining how much they should be willing to spend to acquire new customers. Calculating CLV involves estimating the average net profit from all the purchases a customer makes during their association with a brand or business. This includes not only the initial purchase but also any subsequent transactions, minus the costs of attracting and servicing that customer. By focusing on CLV, businesses can shift from short-term transactional perspectives to long-term relationship-building strategies, which can lead to more sustainable growth. It encourages businesses to invest in customer satisfaction and retention, as a higher CLV suggests that customers will continue to contribute to the company’s revenue over time. Understanding and optimizing Customer Lifetime Value can therefore be a key differentiator in competitive markets, where acquiring new customers can be costly and retaining existing customers can be more profitable.