Attribution in the context of marketing refers to the process of identifying and assigning credit or value to the various touchpoints and channels that a consumer interacts with during their journey towards a conversion, such as making a purchase or signing up for a newsletter. This involves analyzing the sequence of events or actions that lead to a desired outcome and determining which marketing efforts—be it a social media campaign, a search engine advertisement, an email blast, or any other form of communication—played a significant role in influencing the customer’s decision. The goal of attribution is to understand which marketing strategies are most effective and to allocate marketing resources accordingly to maximize return on investment. By accurately attributing conversions to the correct marketing initiatives, businesses can refine their marketing strategies, optimize their campaigns, and improve overall marketing performance. There are various models of attribution, including last-click, first-click, linear, time-decay, and data-driven, each offering a different perspective on how credit should be distributed among different marketing touchpoints.